A tape is one way of handling UTF-8 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UTF-8). Tapes produced by putting double quotes around some UTF-8 string, “like this here.” Importantly, tapes are actually lists of individual UTF-8 elements (cords) – being able to handle UTF-8 characters as both atoms (cords) and lists (null terminated cell) of text, we are given the liberty to perform a wide array of Standard Library functions against our text. For instance, by using a list, we can address individual sub-items “of a string like this”, or build a string, head first – something we could not do with just the atomic structure.